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孙中山开国纪念币六星版鉴赏

来源:未知 作者:admin 人气: 发布时间:2019-07-05
摘要:中华民国开国纪念币是1911年12月29 日经辛亥革命后,光复的17省代表在南京推选孙中山为中华民国临时大总统。民国成立时鼓铸的纪念币。 由于币制尚未建立,除四川改铸大汉银币,福建改铸中华元宝外,主要的造币厂,大都仍沿用前清钢模铸造银币,以供流通需要

  中华民国开国纪念币是1911年12月29 日经辛亥革命后,光复的17省代表在南京推选孙中山为中华民国临时大总统。民国成立时鼓铸的纪念币。
 

       由于币制尚未建立,除四川改铸大汉银币,福建改铸中华元宝外,主要的造币厂,大都仍沿用前清钢模铸造银币,以供流通需要。由于币制混乱,临时政府财政部长陈锦涛,于民国元年3月11日呈文大总统孙中山,鼓铸10万元纪念银币以为整顿。
 

       图案采用大总统孙中山肖像,以后的通用银币再改花纹式样。孙中山令财政部行文,同意鼓铸纪念币,并命令其余的通用银币新花纹,“中间应绘五谷模型,取丰岁足民之义,垂劝农务本之规”,训令财政部速制新模,分令各省造币厂照式鼓铸。不久,财政部就颁下新模给江南(南京)、湖北、广东等造币厂依式铸造,这就是“中华民国孙中山像开国纪念币”的由来。

       The commemorative coin of the founding of the Republic of China was chosen by 17 provincial representatives in Nanjing as provisional president of the Republic of China after the 1911 Revolution on 29 December 1911. A commemorative coin coined by the drum at the founding of the Republic of China.

 

       As the currency system has not yet been established, except for Sichuan and Fujian, the main coin factories still use the former steel mould to cast silver coins for circulation. Due to currency confusion, Chen Jintao, Minister of Finance of the Interim Government, presented to Sun Yat-sen, President of Wenda, on March 11, the first year of the Republic of China, to coin 100,000 yuan of commemorative silver coins for rectification.

 

       The design is based on the portrait of Sun Yat-sen, the great president. Later, the general silver coins were changed into patterns. Sun Yat-sen ordered the Ministry of Finance to make commemorative coins, and ordered the other common silver coins to be coined with new patterns. "In the middle, we should draw five grain models, take the meaning of being rich and full of the people, and advocate the rules of the farming industry." He instructed the Ministry of Finance to make new models quickly, and ordered the provincial mints to do the same. Soon after, the Ministry of Finance issued a new model for the mints of Jiangnan (Nanjing), Hubei and Guangdong, which is the origin of "Sun Yat-sen of the Republic of China like the founding commemorative coin".
 

直径:39mm;重量:26.7g

       中华民国孙像开国纪念币银元,正面中央为孙中山侧面肖像,边缘内上镌中文隶书体“中华民国”4字、下镌“开国纪念币”5字、左右长枝花饰。背面中央为中文隶书体“壹圆”或“伍圆”及嘉禾,边缘英文“中华民国”、“壹圆”,左右分列五角星(后改为六角星)。边齿为橄榄齿,壹圆币重26克左右,伍圆币重36克左右。成色96%-96.9%,俗称“小头”。该币壹圆币作为中华民国国币发行,流通甚广,数量较多;伍圆币英文“ONE DOLLAR”错版,数量稀少。中华民国孙像开国纪念币银元,并非都是民国元年铸造。民国16年、17年南京和天津造币厂均有铸造,但采用的全是“中华民国开国纪念币”的年代。中华民国孙像开国纪念币银元,由于铸造厂家不一,铸造年代不同,雕刻师英语水平不高,除正背面主要图案未变外,其花饰细节、英文字母均有变异,特别是英文字母差错较多。这就形成了该币的多种版别。传世较广的主要有两种:一种是五角星版式,一种是六角星版式。这是六角星版式。

       The image of Sun Yat-sen in the Republic of China commemorates the founding of the People's Republic of China with silver coins. The front central part is Sun Yat-sen's side portrait. On the edge, there are four characters of the Chinese official script "Republic of China", five words of the "founding of the People's Republic of China commemorative coin" in the lower part, and the left and right long branches decoration. On the back, the central part is "one circle" or "Wu Yuan" and Jiahe in Chinese Li script, while on the edge, the English words "Republic of China" and "one circle" are separated into five-pointed stars (later hexagonal stars). The edge teeth are olive teeth, one yuan weighs about 26 grams, and the Wu yuan weighs about 36 grams. Achievement 96% - 96.9%, commonly known as "small head". As the currency of the Republic of China, the one-dollar coin is widely circulated and in large quantities; the wrong version of ONE DOLLAR in English is rare. The silver coins commemorating the founding of the Republic of China are not all coined in the first year of the Republic of China. In the 16 and 17 years of the Republic of China, both Nanjing and Tianjin Mints were minted, but all the coins used were commemorative coins of the founding of the Republic of China. The founding commemorative coin silver dollar of Sun Xiang of the Republic of China, due to the different foundry factories and foundry ages, the engraver's English level is not high. Except the main patterns on the front and back remain unchanged, its decorative details and English letters vary, especially the English letters have more errors. This forms a variety of versions of the currency. There are mainly two kinds of formats that have been handed down widely: one is the pentagonal format and the other is the hexagonal format. This is the hexagonal format.

正面

反面

 

       中华民国开国纪念币,正面中央为孙中山侧面肖像,边缘内上镌中文隶书体“中华民国”四字、下镌“开国纪念币”五字、左右长枝花饰。背面中央为中文隶书体“壹圆”及嘉禾,边缘英文“中华民国”、“壹圆”,左右分列六角星。直线边齿,成色89%,俗称“小头”。

       中华民国开国纪念币是近代中国钱币中的精品,有着历史熏陶,是价值很高的革命文物,具有深远的历史纪念意义;同时,还是考古和研究中国历史文化难得的实物。珍贵的中华民国“开国纪念币”记录了辛亥革命惊天动地的伟大历史,由于历经百年风雨,“开国纪念币”存世量极为稀少,尤其是品相好的更为稀缺,因此很受收藏爱好者青睐。

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